Weekly Cyber Risk Roundup: Chipotle and Kmart Announce POS Breaches

Payment card breaches were back in the news this week as both Chipotle and Kmart announced point-of-sale breaches affecting a number of locations.

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The Chipotle incident, which was first disclosed on April 25, appears to be the larger of the two breaches. A recent company update on the breach said it now includes most of the company’s 2,250 locations. The restaurants were affected by point-of-sale malware for various periods of time between March 24 and April 18.

The infection was made worse by Chipotle’s decision not to adopt EMV payment technology due to concerns that the upgrades would “slow down customer lines,” according to a recent class-action lawsuit filed over the breach.

The Kmart investigation is currently ongoing, so it’s unclear how many of the company’s 735 locations are affected; however, it may be less impactful than a similar point-of-sale malware infection in 2014 since all of Kmart’s stores were EMV ‘Chip and Pin’ technology enabled during the time of the most recent breach, the company said in its press release.

“We believe certain credit card numbers have been compromised,” Kmart’s parent company Sears Holdings said in a statement. “Nevertheless, in light of our EMV compliant point-of-sale systems, which rolled out last year, we believe the exposure to cardholder data that can be used to create counterfeit cards is limited. There is also no evidence that kmart.com or Sears customers were impacted.”

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Other trending cybercrime events from the week include:

  • Top Secret information exposed to public: Top Secret information related to the U.S. National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA), a combat support and intelligence agency housed within the Department of Defense (DoD), was exposed to the public via an unsecured Amazon Web Services “S3” bucket that required no credentials to gain access. Security researcher Chris Vickery and other Upguard researchers said the now-secured data set points to NGA contractors Booz Allen Hamilton (BAH) and industry peer Metronome. The data discovered included information that would ordinarily require a Top Secret-level security clearance from the DoD as well as plaintext credentials that granted administrative access to at least one data center’s operating system and what appeared to be Secure Shell (SSH) keys of a BAH engineer.
  • Healthcare breaches due to unauthorized sites, third-parties: Children’s Mercy said that patient information was compromised due to an unauthorized website operated by a physician that was created as an educational resource but did not have proper security controls in place. Adventist Health Tehachapi Valley said that 714 patients who used its vendor Fast Health to pay bills online to Tehachapi Valley Healthcare District and Adventist Health may have had their payment card details compromised due to unauthorized code on a server that was designed to capture payment card information.
  • Extortion attacks continue: A hacking group calling themselves “Tsar Team” has published more than 25,000 private photos and other personal data from patients of the Grozio Chirurgija clinic in Lithuania. The hackers broke into the servers of the cosmetic surgery clinic earlier this year and demanded ransoms from the clinic’s clients in more than 60 countries around the world. The blackmail ranged between €50 and €2,000 worth of bitcoin, authorities said, with nude photos, passport scans, and other sensitive data being used to ramp up the ransom demands. A hacking group known as “RavenCrew” has claimed responsibility for the hack of customer data from the ticketing platform Qnect and subsequent SMS messages that were sent to the company’s customers urging them to pressure co-founder Ryan Chen and chief technology officer Ruslan Starikov into paying the ransom. It’s believed the hackers may have exploited a security hole recently noticed by a customer.
  • Other notable breaches: OneLogin, a company that allows users to manage logins to multiple sites and apps all at once, announced it had experienced a breach that impacts all customers served by the company’s U.S. data center. Old Mutual said the personal information of “a relatively small group” of customers in South Africa was compromised due to unauthorized access to one of its systems. Camberwell High School in Melbourne announced a data breach due to a student gaining unauthorized access to the school management software Compass and accessing the personal information of families. The incident is similar to a breach at Blackburn High School involving the Compass system that occurred two weeks ago. Augusta University said that a phishing attack led to unauthorized access to faculty email accounts and that as a result less than one percent of patients had their personal information exposed.

SurfWatch Labs collected data on many different companies tied to cybercrime over the past week. Some of those “newly seen” targets, meaning they either appeared in SurfWatch Labs’ data for the first time or else reappeared after being absent for several weeks, are shown in the chart below.

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Cyber Risk Trends From the Past Week

2017-06-02_RiskScoresTheShadowBrokers continued to make headlines over its new subscription exploit service this past week. The hacking group said that it will release its first “dump” of planned monthly exploits and/or data to its subscribers in early July – for approximately $24,000.

Those who want to join the dump service must pay 100 ZEC (Zcash) by the end of June. The group said it has not yet decided what will be in its first dump, although it previously teased that such dumps could include:

  • web browser, router, and handset exploits and tools,
  • select items from newer Ops Disks, including newer exploits for Windows 10,
  • compromised network data from more SWIFT providers and central banks,
  • and compromised network data from Russian, Chinese, Iranian, or North Korean nukes and missile programs.

The group wrote that the monthly dump service is “for high rollers, hackers, security companies, OEMs, and governments.”

After TheShadowBrokers’ announcement, a crowdfunding campaign was started to help researchers and organizations purchase the upcoming July exploit dump; however, two days later the researchers behind the effort, England-based security researcher Matthew Hickey (aka Hacker Fantastic) and the French security researcher known as x0rz, cancelled the campaign citing legal reasons.

“What we tried with @hackerfantastic was a bet we could somehow get early access to help vendors and open-source software fix the bugs before any public release, that means making the 0days a little less toxic that it could have been if released (from 0day to 1day, still powerful but less efficient),” x0rz wrote. “I guess now we should only spectate what will happen next, like we did before. It’s unfortunate but that’s the way it ought to be.”

x0rz believes that TheShadowBrokers may still publicly release the dump because the group is “not here for the money and are really just seeking media coverage.” However, we’ll all have to wait until next month and see exactly what the group has to offer and – if it follows through on its promise – how damaging its monthly exploit and data dumps can potentially be for organizations.

Author: Jeff Peters

SurfWatch Labs editor and host of SurfWatch Labs Cyber Chat podcast. Focused on using threat intelligence and data visualization in order to bring cybercrime to life and help make organizations safer.

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